关键词:   
DNA sequence influences hexasome orientation to regulate DNA accessibility
Nucleosomes, the fundamental organizing units of eukaryotic genomes, contain ~146 base pairs of DNA wrapped around a histone H3-H4 tetramer and two histone H2A-H2B dimers. Converting nucleosomes into hexasomes by removal of a H2A-H2B dimer is an important regulatory event, but its regulation and functional consequences are not well-understood. To investigate the influence of hexasomes on DNA accessibility, we used the property of the Widom-601 Nucleosome Positioning Sequence (NPS) to form homogeneously oriented hexasomes in vitro. We find that DNA accessibility to transcription factors (TF) on the hexasome H2A-H2B distal side is identical to naked DNA, while the accessibility on the H2A-H2B proximal side is reduced by 2-fold, which is due to a 2-fold reduction in hexasome unwrapping probability. We then determined that a 23 bp region of the Widom-601 NPS is responsible for forming homogeneously oriented hexasomes. Analysis of published ChIP-exo data of hexasome containing genes identified two DNA sequence motifs that correlate with hexasome orientation in vivo, while ExoIII mapping studies of these sequences revealed they generate homogeneously oriented hexasomes in vitro. These results indicate that hexasome orientation, which is influenced by the underlying DNA sequence in vivo, is important for modulating DNA accessibility to regulate transcription.
pmid: 31216039 Nucleic Acids Res 影响因子: 11.147 发表日期: 20190620 官网 免费下载
文献:

评论:

    菠萝视频下载安装