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QPARSE: searching for long-looped or multimeric G-quadruplexes potentially distinctive and druggable
MOTIVATION: G-quadruplexes (G4s) are non-canonical nucleic acid conformations that are widespread in all kingdoms of life and are emerging as important regulators both in RNA and DNA. Recently, two new higher-order architectures have been reported: adjacent interacting G4s, and G4s with stable long loops forming stem-loop structures. As there are no specialized tools to identify these conformations, we developed QPARSE. RESULTS: QPARSE can exhaustively search for degenerate potential quadruplex-forming sequences (PQSs) containing bulges and/or mismatches at genomic level, as well as either multimeric or long-looped PQS (MPQS and LLPQS respectively). While its assessment vs. known reference datasets is comparable with the state-of-the-art, what is more interesting is its performance in the identification of MPQS and LLPQS that present algorithms are not designed to search for. We report a comprehensive analysis of MPQS in human gene promoters and the analysis of LLPQS on three experimentally validated case studies from HIV-1, BCL2, and hTERT. AVAILABILITY: QPARSE is freely accessible on the web at http://www.medcomp.medicina.unipd.it/qparse/index or downloadable from github as a python 2.7 program https://github.com/B3rse/qparse. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
pmid: 31328780 Bioinformatics 影响因子: 4.531 发表日期: 20190722 官网 免费下载
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